The ANITA 2016 summer school “Dancing with the stars” is focused on the life and death of stars. Lectures will be held in the morning with laboratories in the afternoon. PDF notes of the summer school lectures and an outline of the topics covered is available below.
Day 1: Low Mass Stars
Amanda Karakas and John Lattanzio:
Lecture Note PDF – Low Mass Stars
We cover the basic evolution and nucleosynthesis in low mass stars. In their last phases as AGB or Super-AGB stars they become very bright and dominate the light of old stellar systems, as well as producing half of the heavy elements in the Universe and much of the dust. One cannot understand astronomy without understanding the lives of low mass stars, and that is the aim of these lectures.
Day 2: Massive Stars and Supernovae
Massive stars play a pivotal role in the evolution of the Universe in spite of their scarcity with respect to, e.g., solar like stars. We will follow their evolution from the birth to the final collapse after having briefly discussed some general, basic properties of the stars (massive or not). Our long trip will end with some considerations about the explosive burnings.
Lecture notes, lab worksheet and demonstration programmes
Even today, the mechanism that makes massive stars explode as core-collapse supernovae is still not fully understood. In this lecture, we will discuss the principles behind the currently favoured explosion scenarios with a principal focus on the role of multi-D hydrodynamic effects in different phases of the supernova. We will also discuss some observational constraints on the explosion mechanism.
Day 3: Binary Stars, Chemical Evolution and Galactic Archaeology
JJ. Eldridge and Lionel Siess: Binary Stars
Binary Stars – PDF Notes
In this introductory lecture on binary stars, we will present the concept of Roche lobe, derive the equations for the evolution of the orbital parameters and apply these formulations to the evolution of Algols. We will also discuss how common envelope evolution and supernovae in binaries determine the parameters of compact remnant binaries. Finally highlighting the important effects interacting binaries have on stellar population predictions.
GCE tutorial – PDF notes
Chemical Evolution: Observations are crucial for advancing our knowledge of the chemical evolution of our Galaxy. This lecture will outline how chemical abundances are measured in stars and what we have learned from the most chemically primitive objects in our Galaxy and Local Group.
Galactic Archaeology: The goal of Galactic Archaeology is to reconstruct the star forming aggregates that formed the Galactic disk, using chemical abundance measurements in stars. This lecture will outline this new, and rapidly expanding field, and provide details of ongoing surveys.